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Andreas Acrivos Dissertation Award Multicultural

1. University of California, Berkeley – The University of California, Berkeley, is a public research university located in Berkeley, California. In 1960s, UC Berkeley was particularly noted for the Free Speech Movement as well as the Anti-Vietnam War Movement led by its students. S, Department of Energy, and is home to many world-renowned research institutes and organizations including Mathematical Sciences Research Institute and Space Sciences Laboratory. Faculty member J. R. Oppenheimer, the father of the atomic bomb, Lawrence Livermore Lab also discovered or co-discovered six chemical elements. The Academic Ranking of World Universities also ranks the University of California, Berkeley, third in the world overall, in 1866, the private College of California purchased the land comprising the current Berkeley campus. Ten faculty members and almost 40 students made up the new University of California when it opened in Oakland in 1869, billings was a trustee of the College of California and suggested that the college be named in honor of the Anglo-Irish philosopher George Berkeley. In 1870, Henry Durant, the founder of the College of California, with the completion of North and South Halls in 1873, the university relocated to its Berkeley location with 167 male and 22 female students and held its first classes. In 1905, the University Farm was established near Sacramento, ultimately becoming the University of California, by the 1920s, the number of campus buildings had grown substantially, and included twenty structures designed by architect John Galen Howard. Robert Gordon Sproul served as president from 1930 to 1958, by 1942, the American Council on Education ranked UC Berkeley second only to Harvard University in the number of distinguished departments. During World War II, following Glenn Seaborgs then-secret discovery of plutonium, UC Berkeley physics professor J. Robert Oppenheimer was named scientific head of the Manhattan Project in 1942. Along with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley is now a partner in managing two other labs, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, originally, military training was compulsory for male undergraduates, and Berkeley housed an armory for that purpose. In 1917, Berkeleys ROTC program was established, and its School of Military Aeronautics trained future pilots, including Jimmy Doolittle, both Robert McNamara and Frederick C. Weyand graduated from UC Berkeleys ROTC program, earning B. A. degrees in 1937 and 1938, in 1926, future fleet admiral Chester W. Nimitz established the first Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps unit at Berkeley. The Board of Regents ended compulsory military training at Berkeley in 1962, during the McCarthy era in 1949, the Board of Regents adopted an anti-communist loyalty oath. A number of faculty members objected and were dismissed, ten years passed before they were reinstated with back pay, in 1952, the University of California became an entity separate from the Berkeley campus. Each campus was given autonomy and its own Chancellor. Then-president Sproul assumed presidency of the entire University of California system, Berkeley gained a reputation for student activism in the 1960s with the Free Speech Movement of 1964 and opposition to the Vietnam War. In the highly publicized Peoples Park protest in 1969, students and the school conflicted over use of a plot of land, then governor of California Ronald Reagan called the Berkeley campus a haven for communist sympathizers, protesters, and sex deviants. Modern students at Berkeley are less active, with a greater percentage of moderates and conservatives

2. Andreas Acrivos – Andreas Acrivos is the Albert Einstein Professor of Science and Engineering, Emeritus at the City College of New York. He is also the director of the Benjamin Levich Institute for Physicochemical Hydrodynamics, born in Athens, Greece, Acrivos moved to the United States to pursue an engineering education. Acrivos is considered to be one of the great fluid dynamicists of the 20th century, in 1954 Acrivos joined the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley. In 1962, he moved to Stanford University, where he helped Professor David Mason build one of the worlds finest chemical engineering programs, andreas Acrivos at the Mathematics Genealogy Project

3. Alice Adams (writer) – Alice Adams was an American novelist, short story writer, and university professor. Alice Adams was born in Fredericksburg, Virginia, the child of Agatha Erskine Adams. Her father was a Spanish professor and her mother an aspiring, Adams described her family as three difficult, isolated people. She grew up in Chapel Hill, North Carolina and she graduated from high school at age 15 and then attended Radcliffe College, from which she graduated in 1946 at the age of 19. She married Mark Linenthal, a Harvard student, soon after graduation and they lived in Paris for a year, of which she said I loved Paris, except I disliked so much. They then moved to Palo Alto where he attended Stanford University and they moved to San Francisco in 1948, where she found little time to pursue her writing. Their only child, artist Peter Linenthal, was born in 1951 and she sold her short story, Winter Rain, to Charm magazine. Her first novel was Careless Love, in 1969 she began publishing stories in The New Yorker, eventually, she published more than 25 stories there. She published all short story collections and all but one novel at Knopf Publishing Group, after the War, published posthumously, was published at G. K. Hall & Co. Adamss place in late-twentieth-century American literature has been earned, writes Christine C, ferguson, not only by the skill and deftness of her prose, but also by her challenge to hackneyed dismissal of loves redemptive possibilities. Reviewers described her work as fusing the sensibilities of Jane Austen and she received numerous awards, including the O. Henry Lifetime Achievement Award and Best American Short Stories Award. Her stories have frequently been anthologized, including in 22 O. Henry Awards collections and she was a visiting writer at Stanford University, the University of California, Davis, and the University of California at Berkeley. Adams sometimes followed a pattern she called ABDCE in outlining a short story, the letters stand for Action, Background, Development, Climax, and Ending. You begin with action that is compelling enough to draw in, see and know who these people are, how theyve come to be together, what was going on before the opening of the story. Then you develop these people, so that we learn what they care most about, the plot – the drama, the actions, the tension – will grow out of that. You move them along until everything comes together in the climax, after things are different for the main characters. And then there is the ending, what is our sense of who people are now, what are they left with, what happened. During the early 1950s, a psychiatrist advised her to stay married but stop writing and she then spent several years as a single mother working as a secretary

4. Irma Adelman – Irma Glicman Adelman was a Romanian-American economist. Adelman was born in Chernivtsi, Romania, in 1939 she moved with her family to Palestine where she continued her education through high school, fleeing the Nazi regime. D. in economics in 1955. Adelman began her career with a stint as an instructor and assistant professor at her alma mater, in the 1958-1959 academic year. After that, she became an assistant professor at Stanford University and that year, Adelman moved to Johns Hopkins University, where she was an associate professor until 1965, when she moved to Northwestern University. She left Northwestern for the University of Maryland in 1972 and stayed there until 1978 and she was then a professor in the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at the Graduate School of the University of California, Berkeley from 1979 until her 1994 retirement. Adelman made important contributions in the field of development economics. L, Adelman,1959, Econometrica Theories of Economic Growth and Development,1961. An Econometric Analysis of Population Growth,1963, AER, foreign Aid and Economic Development, The case of Greece, with H. B. Chenery,1966, REStat. The Theory and Design of Economic Development,1966, society, Politics and Economic Development, a quantitative approach, with C. T. Economic Growth and Social Equity in Developing Countries, with C. T, Strategies for Equitable Growth,1974, Challenge Development Economics, a reassessment of goals,1975, AER. Growth, Income Distribution and Equity-Oriented Development Strategies,1975, World Development Policies for Equitable Growth, with C. T. Morris, and S. Robinson,1976, World Development Income Distribution Policy in Developing Countries, A Case Study of Korea, Growth and Impoverishment in the Middle of the 19th Century, with C. T. Morris,1978, World Development Redistribution Before Growth, A strategy for developing countries, comparative Patterns of Economic Development, 1850–1914,1988 Irma Adelman at University of California at Berkeley Column archives at Project Syndicate Works by or about Irma Adelman in libraries

5. Giorgio Agamben – Giorgio Agamben is an Italian philosopher best known for his work investigating the concepts of the state of exception, form-of-life and homo sacer. The concept of biopolitics informs many of his writings, Agamben was educated at the University of Rome, where in 1965 he wrote an unpublished laurea thesis on the political thought of Simone Weil. Agamben participated in Martin Heideggers Le Thor seminars in 1966 and 1968, in the 1970s, he worked primarily on linguistics, philology, poetics, and topics in medieval culture. During this period, Agamben began to elaborate his primary concerns, in 1974–1975 he was a fellow at the Warburg Institute, University of London, due to the courtesy of Frances Yates, whom he met through Italo Calvino. During this fellowship, Agamben began to develop his second book, Agamben was close to the poets Giorgio Caproni and José Bergamín, and to the Italian novelist Elsa Morante, to whom he devoted the essays The Celebration of the Hidden Treasure and Parody. His strongest influences include Martin Heidegger, Walter Benjamin and Michel Foucault, Agamben edited Benjamins collected works in Italian translation until 1996, and called Benjamins thought the antidote that allowed me to survive Heidegger. In 1981, Agamben discovered several important lost manuscripts by Benjamin in the archives of the Bibliothèque nationale de France, Benjamin had left these manuscripts to Georges Bataille when he fled Paris shortly before his death. The most relevant of these to Agambens own later work were Benjamins manuscripts for his theses On the Concept of History, Agamben has engaged since the nineties in a debate with the political writings of the German jurist Carl Schmitt, most extensively in the study State of Exception. His recent writings also elaborate on the concepts of Michel Foucault, in his later work, Agamben intervenes in the theoretical debates following the publication of Nancys essay La communauté désoeuvrée, and Maurice Blanchots response, La communauté inavouable. These texts analyzed the notion of community at a time when the European Community was under debate, Agamben proposed his own model of a community which would not presuppose categories of identity in The Coming Community. At this time, Agamben also analyzed the condition and political attitude of Bartleby — a scrivener who does not react. He also has held visiting appointments at several American universities, from the University of California, Berkeley, to Northwestern University, Agamben received the Prix Européen de lEssai Charles Veillon in 2006. In 2013 he was awarded the Dr. Leopold Lucas Prize by the University of Tübingen for his work titled Leviathans Rätsel. Much of Giorgio Agambens work since the 1980s can be viewed to leading up to the so-called Homo Sacer-project, in this series of works, Agamben responds to Hannah Arendts and Foucaults studies of totalitarianism and biopolitics. Since 1995 he has been best known for this project, the volumes of which have been published out of order. Homo Sacer II,1 Stasis, Civil War as a Political Paradigm, Homo Sacer II,2 The Sacrament of Language, An Archaeology of the Oath. Homo Sacer II,3 The Kingdom and the Glory, For a Theological Genealogy of Economy, Homo Sacer II,4 Opus Dei, An Archeology of Duty. Homo Sacer II,5 Remnants of Auschwitz, The Witness, the Highest Poverty, Monastic Rules and Forms-of-Life

6. Ian Agol – Ian Agol is an American mathematician who deals primarily with the topology of three-dimensional manifolds. Agol obtained his Ph. D. in 1998 from the University of California and he is a professor at the University of California, Berkeley and a former professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. In 2004, Agol proved the Marden tameness conjecture, a conjecture of Albert Marden and it states that a hyperbolic 3-manifold with finitely generated fundamental group is homeomorphic to the interior of a compact 3-manifold. The conjecture was also proven by Danny Calegari and David Gabai. In 2012 he announced a proof of the virtually Haken conjecture and it states that every aspherical 3-manifold is finitely covered by a Haken manifold. Agol, Calegari, and Gabai received the 2009 Clay Research Award for their proof of the Marden tameness conjecture, in 2005, Agol was a Guggenheim Fellow. In 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society, in 2013, Agol was awarded the Oswald Veblen Prize in Geometry, along with Daniel Wise. In 2016 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences and his twin brother, Eric Agol, is an astronomy professor at the University of Washington in Seattle

7. George Akerlof – He won the 2001 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. Akerlof was born in New Haven, Connecticut, United States, the son of Rosalie and Gösta Åkerlöf and his mother was Jewish, from a family that had emigrated from Germany. His father was a Swedish immigrant, Akerlof graduated from the Lawrenceville School in 1958 and received the Aldo Leopold Award in 2002. In 1962 he received his BA degree from Yale University, in 1966 his PhD degree from MIT, in his latest work, Akerlof and collaborator Rachel Kranton of Duke University introduce social identity into formal economic analysis, creating the field of identity economics. Drawing on social psychology and many fields outside of economics, Akerlof and Kranton argue that individuals do not have preferences only over different goods and they also adhere to social norms for how different people should behave. The norms are linked to a persons social identities and these ideas first appeared in their article Economics and Identity, published in Quarterly Journal of Economics in 2000. In the late 1990s Akerlofs ideas attracted the attention of some on both sides of the debate over legal abortion, in articles appearing in The Quarterly Journal of Economics, The Economic Journal, and other forums Akerlof described a phenomenon that he labeled reproductive technology shock. For example, the availability of legal abortion now allowed men to view their offspring as the product of female choice rather than as the joint product of sexual intercourse. Thus, it encouraged biological fathers to reject not only the notion of an obligation to marry the mother, while Akerlof did not recommend legal restrictions on either abortion or the availability of contraceptives his analysis seemed to lend support to those who did. Thus, a scholar strongly associated with liberal and Democratic-leaning policy positions has been cited by conservative and Republican-leaning analysts. Bankruptcy for profit occurs most commonly when a government guarantees a firms debt obligations, Akerlof proposed a new agenda for macroeconomics, using social norms to explain macroeconomic behavior. He is considered together with Gary Becker as one of the founders of social economics and he is a trustee of the Economists for Peace and Security and and co-director of the Social Interactions, Identity and Well-Being program at the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. He is on the board of the Institute for New Economic Thinking. He was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and his son Robert Akerlof teaches Economics at the University of Warwick. Akerlof spoke at the Warwick Economics Summit in February 2012 with a talk entitled Phishing for Phools, George A. Akerlof and Robert J. Shiller. Phishing for Phools, The Economics of Manipulation and Deception, Princeton University Press, Akerlof, George A. and Rachel E. Kranton. Identity Economics, How Our Identities Shape Our Work, Wages, description & TOC, Introduction, pp. 3–8, and preview. Identity and the Economics of Organizations, Journal of Economic Perspectives,19, Economics and Identity, Quarterly Journal of Economics,115, pp. 715–53

8. Berni Alder – Berni Julian Alder is an American physicist specialized in statistical mechanics, and a pioneer of numerical simulation in physics. Alder was born in Duisburg, Germany, to Jewish parents, a chemist, after the Nazis came to power, the family moved to Zurich, Switzerland. Fearing invasion by Nazi Germany after the outbreak of World War Two, the applied for a visa to the United States. They left by sealed train from neutral Switzerland to Spain, then to Portugal, Alder, along with Teller, was one of the founders of the Department of Applied Science in 1963. He was a professor of Applied Science at the University of California at Davis, in 2001, he was awarded the Boltzmann Medal for inventing technique of molecular dynamics simulation. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts, in 2009, he was awarded the National Medal of Science. He was the editor of the book series Methods in Computational Physics, an Interview with Bernie Alder by George Michael, Stories of the Development of Large Scale Scientific Computing at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Berni J. Alder CECAM Prize

9. Gregory Scott Aldering – As a high school student in Bridgeport, Michigan, he was an avid amateur astronomer and showed a particular aptitude for scientific studies in his studies of variable stars. His current cosmological studies focus on the use of Type Ia supernovae as tools for determining the cosmological parameters and he is now the primary investigator of the Nearby Supernova Factory experiment, and is also a co-investigator on the Supernova/Acceleration Probe. While an undergraduate student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he discovered four asteroids at Kitt Peak National Observatory and he has so far classified some 266 supernovae, and is one of the co-discoverers of SN 2002bk. The minor main-belt asteroid 26533 Aldering was named in his honor

10. David Aldous – He entered St. Johns College, Cambridge, in 1970 and received his Ph. D. at the University of Cambridge in 1977 under his advisor, D. J. H. Garling. Since 1979 Aldous has been on the faculty at University of California and he was awarded the Rollo Davidson Prize in 1980, the Loève Prize in 1993, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1994. In 2004, Aldous was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts, in 2012 he became a fellow of the American Mathematical Society. Probability approximations via the Poisson clumping heuristic, Aldous, David, Deterministic and stochastic models for coalescence, a review of the mean-field theory for probabilists. Aldous, David, Exchangeability and related topics

11. Dale Allender – Allender is well known for his work on Expanding the Canon, an award-winning television series on teaching multicultural literature produced in collaboration with Thirteen/WNET and AnnenbergCPB. Allender began his career as a high school English teacher and he earned his PhD at the University of Queensland, Australia and teaches coursework in multicultural literature, urban education, linguistics for educators, and new literacies. The Center for Civic Engagement is the office for all of the public purpose programs of Lick-Wilmerding High School. Allender was appointed Interim Executive Director in July 2010, while serving as Associate Executive Director of NCTE for five years Allender served as Interim Executive Director for the Council. In 2003 he launched NCTE West at the University of California Berkeley, in 2004 NCTE West hosted the NCTE Research Foundation’s Cultivating New Voices Among Scholars of Color Spring Retreat. This event included a panel featuring Ishmael Reed of Konch Magazine, Nikolas Kinellos of Arte Publico Press. This precipitated death threats that garnered attention because educators and the public wanted to know what he was teaching. After earning a reputation for being progressive and successfully addressing contentious issues in education, today professors use Allender’s essay accounting these challenges, “Literary Guerillas, ” as part of their reading assignments in inner-city classrooms. In 2004 Allender moderated a conversation between parents and teachers on the use of Mark Twain in the classroom in the Bloomington-Normal, the dialogue included the Illinois State University English department, the Mayor’s office, the NACCP, and school superintendent’s office. Since NCTE is opposed to the censorship of literature, the teachers involved felt that Allender would support their stance on the use of Mark Twain in the classroom. But, at the time, since Allender is African American parents felt that he would support the book’s removal for its use of the n-word. Ultimately Allender was asked to help the parents and teachers work through the impasse by leading them through the process of doing a study of their experiences. Working with students from Tamalpais High School in Mill Valley, Allender produced a video documenting this conference, the Bay Area Teachers Center is a single-subject teacher credential program created as a partnership between San Francisco State University and Lick-Wilmerding High School. Allender was appointed Executive Director of BATC in 2007, once troubled with decreasing student enrollment, BATC has since established and increased teacher enrollment exponentially and established multiple partnerships with school districts. In addition, Allender served as advisor or advisory board member for seven Annenberg/CPB professional development television series for English language arts educators. Allender also received a National Endowment for the Humanities award for the study of American Indian literature, Allender was also awarded an honorary chair at the D. C. area Writers Project 2005 Annual Forum. Literary Guerillas, Canon Keepers, and Empire Institutions, A Black Teacher’s Narrative, Ishmael Reed’s Konch Magazine Dale currently lives in Sacramento, California with Fabiola Flores and his daughter Arya. www. daleallender. Jabari Mahiri, Professor at the UC Berkeley Graduate School of Education Richard Sterling, Executive Director Emeritus of the National Writing Project

12. Samuel King Allison – Samuel King Allison was an American physicist, most notable for his role in the Manhattan Project, for which he was awarded the Medal for Merit. After the war he was involved in the movement, lobbying for civilian control of nuclear weapons. Samuel King Allison was born in Chicago, Illinois, on November 13,1900, the son of Samuel Buell Allison and he was educated at John Fiske Grammar School and Hyde Park High School. He entered the University of Chicago in 1917, and participated in varsity swimming and water basketball, while majoring in mathematics, Allison was a research fellow at Harvard University from 1923 until 1925 and then at the Carnegie Institution from 1925 until 1926. From 1926 until 1930 he taught physics at University of California, Berkeley as an instructor, while there he met and married Helen Campbell. They had two children, a son, Samuel, and a daughter, Catherine, in 1930 Allison returned to the University of Chicago, where he became a professor in 1942, and the Frank P. Hixon Distinguished Service Professor of Physics in 1959. He studied the Compton effect and the theory of x-ray diffraction. William Duane from Harvard spearheaded an effort to prove that Comptons interpretation of the Compton effect was wrong, Duane carried out a series of meticulous experiments to disprove Compton, but instead found overwhelming evidence that Compton was correct. To his credit, Duane conceded that this was the case, one outcome of this was that he co-authored a textbook with Compton, X-rays in Theory and Experiment, which became widely used. He developed a high resolution x-ray spectrometer with a graduate student, in 1935, Allison won a Guggenheim Fellowship to study at the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge in England, where he studied under John Cockcroft. He published a paper in the Mathematical Proceedings of the Cambridge Philosophical Society on his Experiments on the Efficiencies of Production and he was so impressed by the Cavendish Laboratorys Cockcroft–Walton accelerator that after returning to Chicago he built one. During World War II, Allison became involved in defence-related work and he was a consultant to the National Defense Research Committee from October 1940 to January 1941. In January 1941 the NDRC let him a contract to study the possibility of using beryllium as a neutron moderator, the team he assembled in Chicago would grow into the Manhattan Projects Metallurgical Laboratory. In September 1941, Allison joined the S-1 Section, which coordinated the investigations into the feasibility of an atomic bomb. He began building a reactor in the courts under the disused stands of Stagg Field. Allison was placed in charge of the experimental work, by October 1942, the Metallurgical Laboratory had to consider how it would proceed with designing large production reactors when they had yet to get an experimental reactor to work. Fermi favored taking small steps, while Allison and Eugene Wigner argued that larger steps were necessary if atomic bombs were to be developed in time to affect the course of the war. The Director of the Manhattan Project, Brigadier General Leslie R. Groves, Jr. told them that time was more important than money, in the end, this was what was done

13. William Alonso – William Alonso was an Argentinian-born American planner and economist. He was born in Buenos Aires but moved to the United States in 1946 during the Perón regime with his father Amado Alonso, a leading Spanish philologist and he obtained and began his career with a bachelors degree in architectural science from Harvard in 1954. He also received a degree in city planning from Harvard Universitys Graduate School of Public Administration in 1956. In 1960 he received a doctorate in science from the University of Pennsylvania. From 1960 to 1961 Alonso worked as director and professor in the Department of Regional and he then served as a visiting professor at the Universidad Central de Venezuela in 1962 before coming to Harvard as the acting director of the Center of Urban Studies from 1963 to 1965. Alonso also worked at Yale University, the University of California at Berkeley, in 1976 Alonso became Director of the Center for Population Studies of Harvard University. Two years later he became the Richard Saltonstall professor of policy in the Faculty of Public Health. His research was focused on changes, in particular in very strongly urbanized areas. He thus developed a model, connecting migration and the evolution of the distribution of the population. In 1964, he published Location and land use, in which he defined an approach on the formation of land rent in urban environments. His model would become one of the pillars of urban economics as from the seventies

14. Luis Walter Alvarez – Luis Walter Alvarez was an American experimental physicist, inventor, and professor who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968. The American Journal of Physics commented, Luis Alvarez was one of the most brilliant, after receiving his PhD from the University of Chicago in 1936, Alvarez went to work for Ernest Lawrence at the Radiation Laboratory at the University of California in Berkeley. Alvarez devised a set of experiments to observe K-electron capture in radioactive nuclei, predicted by the decay theory. He produced tritium using the cyclotron and measured its lifetime, in collaboration with Felix Bloch, he measured the magnetic moment of the neutron. Enemy submarines would wait until the signal was getting strong and then submerge. The radar system for which Alvarez is best known and which has played a role in aviation. Alvarez spent a few months at the University of Chicago working on nuclear reactors for Enrico Fermi before coming to Los Alamos to work for Robert Oppenheimer on the Manhattan project, Alvarez worked on the design of explosive lenses, and the development of exploding-bridgewire detonators. As a member of Project Alberta, he observed the Trinity nuclear test from a B-29 Superfortress and this work resulted in his being awarded the Nobel Prize in 1968. He was involved in a project to x-ray the Egyptian pyramids to search for unknown chambers, with his son, geologist Walter Alvarez, he developed the Alvarez hypothesis which proposes that the extinction event that wiped out the dinosaurs was the result of an asteroid impact. Alvarez was a member of the JASON Defense Advisory Group, the Bohemian Club, Luis Walter Alvarez was born in San Francisco on June 13,1911, the second child and oldest son of Walter C. He had a sister, Gladys, a younger brother, Bob. His aunt, Mabel Alvarez, was a California artist specializing in oil painting and he attended Madison School in San Francisco from 1918 to 1924, and then San Francisco Polytechnic High School. In 1926, his became an researcher at the Mayo Clinic, and the family moved to Rochester, Minnesota. As an undergraduate, he belonged to the Phi Gamma Delta fraternity, as a postgraduate he moved to Gamma Alpha. In 1932, as a student at Chicago, he discovered physics there and had the rare opportunity to use the equipment of legendary physicist Albert A. Michelson. Observing more incoming radiation from the west, Alvarez concluded that primary cosmic rays were positively charged, compton submitted the resulting paper to the Physical Review, with Alvarezs name at the top. Alvarezs sister, Gladys, worked for Ernest Lawrence as a part-time secretary, Lawrence then invited Alvarez to tour the Century of Progress exhibition in Chicago with him. After he completed his exams in 1936, Alvarez, now engaged to be married to Geraldine Smithwick

15. Walter Alvarez – Walter Alvarez is a professor in the Earth and Planetary Science department at the University of California, Berkeley. He is most widely known for the theory that dinosaurs were killed by an impact, developed in collaboration with his father. Born in Berkeley, California, Alvarez is the son of Luis Walter Alvarez and his grandfather was the famed physician Walter C. Alvarez and his great-grandfather, Spanish-born Luis F. Alvarez, worked as a doctor in Hawaii and his great-aunt Mabel Alvarez was a noted California artist and oil painter. Alvarez earned his B. A. in geology in 1962 from Carleton College in Minnesota and he worked for American Overseas Petroleum Limited in the Netherlands, and in Libya at the time of Colonel Gadaffi’s revolution. Alvarez then moved to Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory of Columbia University, and his work on tectonic paleomagnetism in Italy led to a study of the geomagnetic reversals recorded in Italian deep-sea limestones. Alvarez and his colleagues were able to date the reversals for an interval of more than 100 million years of the Earths history by using Foraminifera biostratigraphy. Alvarez and his father Luis W. Alvarez are most widely known for their discovery that a clay layer occurring right at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary was highly enriched in the element iridium and this iridium enrichment has now been observed in many other sites around the world. And further, the very large Chicxulub crater was identified and is now regarded as the evidence of a large impact. Rex and the Crater of Doom, details the discovery of the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, Alvarez began teaching a course in Big History at UC Berkeley in 2006 under the title Big History, Cosmos, Earth, Life, Humanity. According to Alvarez, Big History is the attempt to understand, in a unified and interdisciplinary way and this definition was later adopted by the International Big History Association. Alvarezs course is open to all majors and grade levels and seeks to provide an understanding of the past, present. Alvarez helped organize a meeting of Big Historians at the Geological Observatory at Coldigioco in Italy in 2010 which resulted in the establishment of the International Big History Association, in 2011, the IBHA is a 5013 non-profit organization. Alvarez was one of the members of the IBHA. Alvarezs most recent contribution to the field of Big History has been the creation of a free, open source, ChronoZoom is a computer-graphical approach to dealing with this problem of visualizing and understanding time scales, and presenting vast quantities of historical information in a useful way. ChronoZoom was introduced at the 97th Annual Faculty Research Lecture at UC Berkeley, Alvarez is the recipient of numerous awards and honors. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1983 and he was awarded the 2006 Nevada Medal, the 2008 Vetlesen Prize, and the Penrose Medal from the Geological Society of America. In 2005, he received the doctorate Honoris Causa in Geological Sciences from the University of Siena, Italy

16. Bruce Ames – Bruce Nathan Ames is an American biochemist. He is a professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, and he is the inventor of the Ames test, a system for easily and cheaply testing the mutagenicity of compounds. Ames, raised in New York City, is a graduate of the Bronx High School of Science and his undergraduate studies were at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, and his graduate studies were completed at the California Institute of Technology. Ames was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and his research focuses on cancer and aging and he has authored over 550 scientific publications. He is among the few hundred most-cited scientists in all fields and he is also interested in mutagens as they relate to cancer prevention and aging. Dr. Ames received more than $650,000 in support from the National Foundation for Cancer Research between 1998 and 2007, in the 1970s, Bruce Ames developed the Ames test which is a cheap and convenient assay for mutagens and therefore potential carcinogens. Previous carcinogenic testing used live animals, and the procedures are expensive and this made animal testing impractical for use in screening on a wide scale, and reduced the number of compounds that could be tested. The Ames test on the other uses the bacteria Salmonella typhimurium to test for mutagens. The Ames test became widely used as a screen for possible carcinogens and has been used to identify potential carcinogens previously used in commercial products. Their identification led to some of those formulations, such as used in hair dye. The ease with which Ames test allows widely used chemicals to be identified as possible carcinogens made him a hero of environmentalism. Subsequent work in Ames lab involved looking at an overview of what was mutagenic or carcinogenic and his continued work eventually led to his falling out of favor with many environmentalists. He argued against the banning of synthetic pesticides and other such as Alar which have been shown to be carcinogenic. Ames published results showing that many food products would be found carcinogenic according to the same criteria. Eli Lilly Award of the American Chemical Society 1964 Wadsworth Award 1981 Charles S

17. Morris Ankrum – Morris Ankrum was an American radio, television, and film character actor. Born Morris Nussbaum in Danville in Vermilion County in eastern Illinois, after graduating from The University of Southern California with a law degree, he went on to an associate professorship in economics at the University of California, Berkeley. While at Berkeley he became involved in the department and eventually began teaching drama. From 1923-39 he acted in several Broadway stage productions, including Gods of the Lightning, The Big Blow, before signing with Paramount Pictures in the 1930s, Nussbaum had already changed his last name to Ankrum. Upon signing with the studio, he chose to use the name Stephen Morris before changing it to Morris Ankrum in 1939, one standout role was in Metro-Goldwyn-Mayers production of Tennessee Johnson, a biographical film about Andrew Johnson, the 17th U. S. president. As Sen. Jefferson Davis, Ankrum movingly addresses the United States Senate upon his resignation to lead the Confederate States of America as that republics first—and only—president, Ankrums film career was extensive and spanned 30 years. His credits were largely concentrated in the western and science-fiction genres, Ankrum appeared in such westerns as Ride Em Cowboy in 1942, Vera Cruz opposite Gary Cooper and Burt Lancaster, Apache, and Cattle Queen of Montana with Barbara Stanwyck and Ronald Reagan. In 1957 he played a psychiatrist in the cult sci-fi classic Kronos and had roles in Beginning of the End. By the end of 1958 Ankrums film career had essentially ended, Ankrum made 22 appearances on CBSs Perry Mason as one of several judges who regularly presided over the murder trials of Masons clients from the shows first season in 1957 until his death in 1964. The show ended two years later, Ankrum appeared in western series such as The Adventures of Rin Tin Tin, Bronco, Maverick, Tales of the Texas Rangers, Cimarron City, Rawhide and The Rifleman. On October 15,1957, Ankrum had a part in the episode Strange Land of the ABC/Warner Brothers western Sugarfoot. Ankrum played an embittered rancher named Cash Billings, who allows a hired gunman, Burr Fulton, to take over his spread, jan Chaney appears in the episode as Billings daughter Anne, who takes a liking to Sugarfoot. Ankrum appeared again, as John Savage in 1959, in the Sugarfoot episode The Wild Bunch, in the 1958-59 season Ankrum appeared 12 times in Richard Carlsons syndicated western series Mackenzies Raiders, along with other cast Raiders Brett King, Jack Ging and Louis Jean Heydt. In the series set on the Rio Grande border, Carlson plays Col. Ranald Mackenzie, Ankrum was cast in an episode of the 1959 CBS sitcom Dennis the Menace. He also made uncredited appearances in several Roger Corman films. While busy in films and television, Ankrum was still involved in live theatre and he and his second wife, Joan Wheeler, had a child, David Ankrum, best known as Adam from Tabitha. David Ankrum eventually became a Hollywood agent, on September 2,1964, Ankrum died of trichinosis. At the time of his death, he was involved with Raymond Burrs Perry Mason series

18. Mai Kitazawa Arbegast – Mai Haru Kitazawa Arbegast was an American landscape architect, and professor based in Berkeley, California. She was a professor in the Department of Landscape Architecture at Berkeley and she was the first acting director Blake Garden after its gift to the UC Berkeley Department of Landscape Architecture. Proijects of note include the Hearst Castle planting restoration, California Palace of the Legion of Honor renovation, Mai Arbegast was born in San Jose, California in 1922, the oldest of six children. Her father, Gijiu Kitazawa, and uncle started the Kitazawa Seed Company, when they split the business, Gijiu moved the seed operation to a downtown San Jose storefront and sold seeds wholesale and retail, adding his own line of Asian vegetables. The Kitazawa Seed Company became the seed source for Japanese tenant farmers in California. In an interview with Margaret Schulze for NikkeiWest Mai recalled, “I spent much of my life in boots stomping on particular tomatoes and collecting the seed for further crosses. ”Arbegast attended San Jose State College until 1942 when her family was evicted. The family got a sponsor and clearance to move to Michigan until World War II ended while Mai attended Oberlin College and she went on to Cornell University where she was the only woman around as a graduate student in Horticulture from 1947-49. She graduated from Cornell with a Master of Science in Ornamental Horticulture and she later went on to the University of California, Berkeley where both she and her husband, David Arbegast, graduated with Masters of Science in Landscape Architecture in 1953. Following graduation, she began teaching in the Department of Landscape Architecture at Berkeley and she taught both full and part-time and her classes covered plant materials, horticulture, and planting design. She often took her students to the nearby Blake Estate for field study, Arbegast played a key role in the gift of Blake Garden to the UC Berkeley Department of Landscape Architecture and was its first acting director after the transfer in 1957. While teaching she also maintained a professional practice. In 1967, she gave up teaching to practice full-time and continued through 2003, Arbegast specialized in planting design and her work included estates, wineries, and large scale residential gardens, as well as public, commercial, and educational projects. She frequently worked as a consultant to both architects and landscape architects including Herzog & de Meuron, MLTW/Turnbull Associates, Robert A. M. Stern, Lawrence Halprin, Richard Haag, Peter Walker, her husband’s firm Arbegast, Newton, Griffith and she also served on the City of Berkeley Planning Commission, Board of Adjustments, and Waterfront Advisory Committee. She received the Distinguished Alumni Award from the College of Environmental Design in 2002, the Mai Kitazawa Arbegast Collection is held by the Environmental Design Archives at the University of California, Berkeley. The collection spans the years 1933-2007 and documents her education, teaching career, the bulk of the collection relates to her landscape design projects and includes project files, correspondence, drawings, photographs, and slides. Well documented projects include the UC Davis Arboretum, Trefethen Vineyards, California Palace of the Legion of Honor renovation, arrangement and description of this collection was funded by the Beatrix Farrand Endowment courtesy of the Department of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning. Environmental Design Archives - Mai Kitazawa Arbegast Collection Works by or about Mai Kitazawa Arbegast at Internet Archive Oberlin Alumni Magazine - Chu, Lisa

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Andreas Acrivos Dissertation Award Talk: Modeling drag forces and velocity fluctuations in wall-bounded flows at high Reynolds numbers
Yang, Xiang
AA(Stanford University)
APS Division of Fluid Dynamics (Fall) 2017, abstract id.P39.001
Publication Date:
Bibliographic Code:


The sizes of fluid motions in wall-bounded flows scale approximately as their distances from the wall. At high Reynolds numbers, resolving near-wall, small-scale, yet momentum-transferring eddies are computationally intensive, and to alleviate the strict near-wall grid resolution requirement, a wall model is usually used. The wall model of interest here is the integral wall model. This model parameterizes the near-wall sub-grid velocity profile as being comprised of a linear inner-layer and a logarithmic meso-layer with one additional term that accounts for the effects of flow acceleration, pressure gradients etc. We use the integral wall model for wall-modeled large-eddy simulations (WMLES) of turbulent boundary layers over rough walls. The effects of rough-wall topology on drag forces are investigated. A rough-wall model is then developed based on considerations of such effects, which are now known as mutual sheltering among roughness elements. Last, we discuss briefly a new interpretation of the Townsend attached eddy hypothesis-the hierarchical random additive process model (HRAP). The analogy between the energy cascade and the momentum cascade is mathematically formal as HRAP follows the multi-fractal formulism, which was extensively used for the energy cascade.

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