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Chiddingstone Kent Sch Uk Homework Timeline


Who was King or Queen before Victoria?

The Victorians lived over one hundred and fifty years ago during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837 to 1901).

Victorian times means during Victoria's rule. The time Queen Victoria was on the throne. She ruled for 64 years.

There was no electricity, instead gas lamps or candles were used for light.

There were no cars. People either walked, travelled by boat or train or used coach horses to move from place to place.

Britain managed to build a huge empire during the Victorian period. It was also a time of tremendous change in the lives of British people. In 1837 most people lived in villages and worked on the land; by 1901, most lived in towns and worked in offices, shops and factories.


  • Britain became the most powerful and richest country in the world, with the largest empire that had ever existed, ruling a quarter of the world's population.

  • Towns and cities got piped water, gas and, by the end of the century, electricity

  • The number of people living in Britain more than doubled from 16 million to 37 million, causing a huge demand for food, clothes and housing.

  • Factories and machines were built to meet this demand and new towns grew up, changing the landscape and the ways people lived and worked.

  • Railways, originally built to transport goods, meant people could travel easily around the country for the first time. Railways brought new foods to towns and cities.

  • Soldiers were at war all over the world especially in 1850 - 1880.

  • Many households had a servant or servants – in 1891, 2 million servants were recorded in the census

  • Seaside holidays were 'invented' (became popular).

  • Police Force 'invented'.

  • At the beginning of the Victorian period crossing the Atlantic took up to eight weeks. By 1901 it took about a week.

  • New cookers and gadgets for the home were invented.


What was England like?

England looked very different 1,600 years ago when the Anglo-Saxons came to our shores.

  • Much of the country was covered in thick oak forests.

Most of England's one million people lived in the countryside where they made a living from farming.

There were many kings, each one ruling over a different area of England.

Why did the Romans abandon England?

The Romans had invaded England and ruled over England for 400 years. In 410, the Romans left England because their homes in Italy were being attacked by fierce tribes and every soldier was needed.

The people of England were sad when the Romans left because they had no professional soldiers of their own to protect them from the sea-raiders, who were growing bolder in their attacks upon the coast.

The Dark Ages

The Dark Ages describe the centuries after the end of the Roman rule. It is a time in history we have less evidence from. It is the time in history when the Saxons and Vikings came to Britain.

England is invaded again!

With the breakdown of Rome's control of Britain it became possible for the Angles, Saxons and Jutes from across the North Sea who had been raiding the coast of Britain for a hundred years to increase their pressure. Instead of raiding and then withdrawing, by about 450 A.D they were beginning to settle here. The invasion consisted of a series of attacks on different parts of the country over a period of years and under a number of leaders.

Two British men fighting a Saxon

The Saxon chieftains Hengist and Horsa led a massive attack on Kent in about the year 455. They marched from Thanet through Faversham to Canterbury and eventually arrived at Aylesford, near Maidstone, where a fierce battle took place.

British man jumping on two Saxons trying to stop the Saxons.

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